The instrument suite of the European Spallation Source

Andersen, K.H., Argyriou, D.N, Jackson, A.J., Houston, J., Henry, P.F., Deen, P.P., Toft-Petersen, R., Beran, P., Strobl, M. et al (2020) The instrument suite of the European Spallation Source. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 957 . p. 163402. ISSN 0168-9002

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An overview is provided of the 15 neutron beam instruments making up the initial instrument suite of the
European Spallation Source (ESS), and being made available to the neutron user community. The ESS neutron
source consists of a high-power accelerator and target station, providing a unique long-pulse time structure
of slow neutrons. The design considerations behind the time structure, moderator geometry and instrument
layout are presented.
The 15-instrument suite consists of two small-angle instruments, two reflectometers, an imaging beamline,
two single-crystal diffractometers; one for macromolecular crystallography and one for magnetism, two powder
diffractometers, and an engineering diffractometer, as well as an array of five inelastic instruments comprising
two chopper spectrometers, an inverse-geometry single-crystal excitations spectrometer, an instrument for vibrational
spectroscopy and a high-resolution backscattering spectrometer. The conceptual design, performance
and scientific drivers of each of these instruments are described.
All of the instruments are designed to provide breakthrough new scientific capability, not currently
available at existing facilities, building on the inherent strengths of the ESS long-pulse neutron source of high
flux, flexible resolution and large bandwidth. Each of them is predicted to provide world-leading performance
at an accelerator power of 2 MW. This technical capability translates into a very broad range of scientific
capabilities. The composition of the instrument suite has been chosen to maximise the breadth and depth
of the scientific impact of

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