The role of Galactic H iiregions in the formation of filaments High-resolution submilimeter imaging of RCW 120 with ArTéMiS

Zavagno, A., Andre, Ph., Schuller, F., Peretto, N., Shimajiri, Y., Arzoumanian, D., Csengeri, T., Figueira, M., Konyves, Vera et al (2020) The role of Galactic H iiregions in the formation of filaments High-resolution submilimeter imaging of RCW 120 with ArTéMiS. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 638 (A7). ISSN 0004-6361

[thumbnail of Version of Record]
PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Official URL:


Context. Massive stars and their associated ionized (H ii) regions could play a key role in the formation and evolution of filaments that host star formation. However, the properties of filaments that interact with H ii regions are still poorly known.
Aims. To investigate the impact of H ii regions on the formation of filaments, we imaged the Galactic H ii region RCW 120 and its surroundings where active star formation takes place and where the role of ionization feedback on the star formation process has already been studied.
Methods. We used the large-format bolometer camera ArTéMiS on the APEX telescope and combined the high-resolution ArTéMiS data at 350 µm and 450 µm with Herschel-SPIRE/HOBYS data at 350 and 500 µm to ensure good sensitivity to a broad range of spatial scales. This allowed us to study the dense gas distribution around RCW 120 with a resolution of 800 or 0.05 pc at a distance of 1.34 kpc.
Results. Our study allows us to trace the median radial intensity profile of the dense shell of RCW 120. This profile is asymmetric, indicating a clear compression from the H ii region on the inner part of the shell. The profile is observed to be similarly asymmetric on both lateral sides of the shell, indicating a homogeneous compression over the surface. On the contrary, the profile analysis of a radial filament associated with the shell, but located outside of it, reveals a symmetric profile, suggesting that the compression from the ionized region is limited to the dense shell. The mean intensity profile of the internal part of the shell is well fitted by a Plummerlike profile with a deconvolved Gaussian full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 0.09 pc, as observed for filaments in low-mass star-forming regions.
Conclusions. Using ArTéMiS data combined with Herschel-SPIRE data, we found evidence for compression from the inner part of the RCW 120 ionized region on the surrounding dense shell. This compression is accompanied with a significant (factor 5) increase of the local column density. This study suggests that compression exerted by H ii regions may play a key role in the formation of filaments and may further act on their hosted star formation. ArTéMiS data also suggest that RCW 120 might be a 3D ring, rather than a spherical structure.

Repository Staff Only: item control page