A Novel Natural GRAS-Grade Enteric Coating for Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical products

Khoder, Mouhamad, Schropp, Verena, Zeitler, Susanne, Pereira, Beatriz, Habashy, Rober, Royall, Paul G., Tzu-Wen Wang, Julie and Alhnan, Mohamed A (2020) A Novel Natural GRAS-Grade Enteric Coating for Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical products. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 584 . p. 119392. ISSN 0378-5173

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119392


In this study, enteric coatings based exclusively on naturally occurring ingredients were reported. Alginate (Alg) and pectin (Pec) blends with or without naturally occurring glyceride, glycerol monostearate (GMS), were initially used to produce solvent-casted films. Incorporating GMS in the natural polymeric films significantly enhanced significantly the acid-resistance properties in gastric medium. Theophylline tablets coated with Alg-Pec blends without GMS disintegrated shortly after incubation in gastric medium (pH 1.2), leading to a premature and complete release of theophylline. Interestingly, tablets coated with Alg-Pec blends that contain the natural glyceride (GMS) resisted the gastric environment for 2h with minimal drug release (<5%) and disintegrated rapidly following introduction to the intestinal medium, allowing a fast and complete drug release. Furthermore, the coating system proved to be stable for six months under accelerated conditions. These findings are particularly appealing to nutraceutical industry as they provide the foundation to produce naturally-occurring GRAS based enteric coatings with no daily intake limits.

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