Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry as a Potential Tool for Early Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer

Mendes, Thais P. P., Pereira, Igor, de Lima, Leomir A. S., Medeiros-De-morais, Camilo De lelis orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-2573-787X, Neves, Ana C. O. N., Martin, Francis L orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8562-4944, Lima, Kássio M. G. and Vaz, Boniek Gontijo (2020) Paper Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry as a Potential Tool for Early Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 31 (8). pp. 1665-1672. ISSN 1044-0305

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Squamous intraepithelial lesion is an abnormal growth of epithelial cells on the surface of the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer. Analytical protocols for the determination of squamous intraepithelial lesions are in high demand, since cervical cancer is the fourth most diagnosed cancer among women in the world. Here, paper spray ionization mass spectrometry (PSI-MS) is used to distinguish between healthy (negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy) and diseased (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) blood plasmas. A total of 86 blood samples of different women (49 healthy samples, 37 diseased samples) were collected, and the plasmas were prepared. Then, 10 μL of each plasma sample was deposited onto triangular papers for PSI-MS analysis. No additional step of sample preparation was necessary. The interval-successive projection algorithm linear discriminant analysis (iSPA-LDA) was applied to the PSI mass spectra, showing six ions (mostly phospholipids) that were predictive of healthy and diseased plasmas. Values of 77% accuracy, 86% sensitivity, 80% positive predictive value (PPV), and 75% negative predictive value (NPV) were achieved. This study provides evidence that PSI-MS may potentially be used as a fast and simple analytical technique for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer.

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