Tracking and Seismological Analysis of Multiple Coronal Loops in an Active Region

Pascoe, D.J, Smyrli, Aimilia and Van Doorsselaere, T. (2020) Tracking and Seismological Analysis of Multiple Coronal Loops in an Active Region. The Astrophysical Journal, 898 (2). ISSN 0004-637X

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We present a new method to track the position and evolution of coronal loops designed for observations such as active regions in which multiple loops appear in close proximity or overlap with each other along the observational line of sight. The method is based on modeling a time–distance map containing one or more loops and fitting the modeled map to observational data, as opposed to the commonly used technique of analyzing each frame independently. This allows us to control the variability of the model, informed by our physical interpretation, and use the trends present to help constrain the model parameters. We apply our method to an observation of a bundle of coronal loops previously investigated using a spatiotemporal autocorrelation method and compare our results. A benefit of our method is that it provides the time series for the position of the loops that may be used for further analysis using established seismological techniques. We demonstrate this by modeling the oscillation of several loops in response to flaring energy releases that occur during the observation, and we find evidence of loop evolution consistent with the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability

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