Stable isotope profile (C, N, O, S) of Irish raw milk: Baseline data for authentication

O'Sullivan, Roisin, Monahan, Frank J., Bahar, Bojlul orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-7389-3650, Kirwan, Laura, Pierce, Karina, O'Shea, Audrey, McElroy, Shane, Malone, Fionnuala, Hanafin, Brian et al (2020) Stable isotope profile (C, N, O, S) of Irish raw milk: Baseline data for authentication. Food Control, 121 . p. 107643. ISSN 0956-7135

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Grass-based milk production is a major contributor to Irish agricultural output. The study characterized the Irish milk pool using stable isotope ratio analysis of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur. Authentic raw milk samples were collected from 50 farms on five occasions over 13 months. Mean values of −27.11, 6.79, −3.27 and 6.16‰ were obtained for δ13C, δ15N, δ18O and δ34S, respectively. δ13C values reflected a high level of grass input and values increased with increasing cereal concentrate feed input (P < 0.001). δ18O values were most negative in spring. There was a significant interaction between feed and season for δ13C and δ15N values (P < 0.05), with the impact of concentrate feeding most evident in spring. δ34S values were lowest at the highest level of concentrate input (P < 0.05). The isotopic values reported here describe the Irish milk pool and may offer the potential to discriminate Irish milk and dairy products from similar commodities from other countries.

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