Testing prediction accuracy of ideal and prolonged length of hospital stay following ovarian cancer cytoreduction using machine learning methods

Laios, Alexandros, Medeiros-De-morais, Camilo De lelis orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-2573-787X, Tan, Yong, Saalmink, Gwendolyn, Otify, Mohamed, Thangavelu, Amudha, Hutson, Richard, Nugent, David, Gomes de Lima, Kassio Michell et al (2020) Testing prediction accuracy of ideal and prolonged length of hospital stay following ovarian cancer cytoreduction using machine learning methods. International Journal Of Gynecological Cancer, 30 (S4). A110. ISSN 1048-891X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2020-ESGO.194


Introduction/Backgroun Cytoreductive surgery for advanced high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) patients to achieve complete removal of all visible disease often requires prolonged surgical time and possible multi-visceral resection potentially necessitating HDU support and prolonged hospitalisation. Length of stay (LOS) has been suggested as a marker of quality or effectiveness of short-term care. Identifying modifiable risk factors at admission predicting LOS could lead to appropriately targeted interventions to improve the delivery of care. Modern data mining technologies such as Machine Learning (ML) could be helpful in monitoring hospital stays to improve standards of care. We aimed to improve the accuracy of predicting both ideal and prolonged LOS, by use of ML algorithms.

Methodology A cohort of 176 HGSOC patients, who underwent surgical cytoreduction, from Jan 2014 to Dec 2017 was selected from the ovarian database. They were randomly assigned to ‘training’ and ‘test’ subcohorts. ML methods including Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Decision-Tree-Analysis, and K-Nearest Neighbors were employed to derive predictive information for LOS from selected variables including age, BMI, Surgical Complexity Score (SCS), operative time, preoperative albumin and morbidity score (Clavien-Dindo 3–5). These methods were tested against conventional linear regression. The accepted ‘ideal’ LOS was deemed to be 5 days or fewer. Prolonged LOS was defined as time spent in the hospital beyond the 90th percentile. Through the introduction of the Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway in 2015, effort was made to shorten the LOS for patients following major surgery, whilst still assuring they received effective treatment and high-quality care.

Results Mean and median LOS was 4.6 and 4.0 days (IQR 0–38), respectively. The delayed LOS group consisted those staying 10 days or longer. The rate of ideal LOS continuously improved for every year from 32% in 2016 to 73.5% in 2019 despite increasing mean SCS. For ideal LOS prediction accuracy, ML slightly outperformed conventional logistic regression, with no bowel resection and operative time been the most predictive variables. For prolonged LOS, LDA and SVM were more accurate to predict prolonged LOS than conventional regression. Bowel resection and Clavien-Dindo complications were most importantly contributing to the improved accuracy of the model (figure 1).

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