Congenital Talipes Equinovarus: Results of Treatment and Are We Bracing Effectively?

Ranson, John M, Nuttall, Graham and Paton, Robin W (2021) Congenital Talipes Equinovarus: Results of Treatment and Are We Bracing Effectively? The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery . ISSN 1542-2224

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The aim of this retrospective study was to assess our management of Congenial Talipes Equinovarus (CTEV) in relation to national standards published by the British Society for Children's Orthopaedic Surgery (BSCOS). A secondary aim was to evaluate if a more tailored bracing regime than advocated in the traditional Ponseti technique, would be appropriate for some cases of CTEV. One hundred and thirty-three feet in 96 patients were treated between June 2006 and January 2016. All patients were clinically assessed prospectively by the senior author at initial presentation using the Harrold & Walker classification system. A combination of the senior author's database, Elogbook and trust IT systems were used for data collection. The results of Ponseti surgical procedures such as tendoachilles release and tibialis transfer fell within the BSCOS guidelines. The rate of radical subtalar surgical release was higher than advocated (12.3%) which was partly due to the number of primary syndromal patients in the series. There was a significantly lower mean time spent in bracing of 14.3 months (95% confidence interval 14.8-19.3) compared to recommended national guidelines. There was a clinically significant difference in the lower relapse rate of female patients compared to male patients and also a higher propensity of surgical intervention in male patients. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in both time spent in bracing, between H&W classifications and between patients who had bracing removed pre walking age or post walking age. This potentially demonstrates a more tailored bracing regime may be possible when applied to less severely affected feet and the condition may be more benign in female cases. [Abstract copyright: Crown Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]

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