The JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: The Magnetic Field in the Center of the Rosette Molecular Cloud

Konyves, Vera, Ward-Thompson, Derek orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-1140-2761, Pattle, Kate, Francesco, James Di, Arzoumanian, Doris, Chen, Zhiwei, Diep, Pham Ngoc, Eswaraiah, Chakali, Fanciullo, Lapo et al (2021) The JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: The Magnetic Field in the Center of the Rosette Molecular Cloud. Astrophysical Journal, 913 (1). ISSN 0004-637X

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We present the first 850 µm polarization observations in the most active star-forming site of the Rosette Molecular Cloud (RMC, d ∼ 1.6 kpc) in the wall of the Rosette Nebula, imaged with the SCUBA-2/POL-2 instruments of the JCMT, as part of the B-Fields In Star-Forming Region Observations 2 (BISTRO-2) survey. From the POL-2 data we find that the polarization fraction decreases with the 850 µm continuum intensity with α = 0.49 ± 0.08 in the p ∝ I −α relation, which suggests that some fraction of the dust grains remain aligned at high densities. The north of our 850 µm image reveals a “gemstone ring” morphology, which is a ∼ 1 pc-diameter ring-like structure with extended emission in the “head” to the south-west. We hypothesize that it might have been blown by feedback in its interior, while the B-field is parallel to its circumference in most places. In the south of our SCUBA-2 field the clumps are apparently connected with filaments which follow Infrared Dark Clouds (IRDCs). Here, the POL-2 magnetic field orientations appear bimodal with respect to the large-scale Planck field. The mass of our effective mapped area is ∼ 174 M� that we calculate from 850 µm flux densities. We compare our results with masses from large-scale emission-subtracted Herschel 250 µm data, and find agreement within 30%. We estimate the POS B-field strength in one typical subregion using the Davis-Chandrasekhar-Fermi (DCF) technique and find 80 ± 30 µG toward a clump and its outskirts. The estimated mass-to-flux ratio of λ = 2.3 ± 1.0 suggests that the B-field is not sufficiently strong to prevent gravitational collapse in this subregion.

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