Thermodynamic analysis of an innovative heat pump using indoor and outdoor air as heat source

Li, Jing, Yi, Fan, Zhao, Xudong, Bai, Xiaoman, Badiei, Ali orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-2103-2955 and Ma, Xiaoli (2019) Thermodynamic analysis of an innovative heat pump using indoor and outdoor air as heat source. Bulgarian Chemical Communications, 51 (F). pp. 69-76. ISSN 0324-1130

[thumbnail of Version of Record]
PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL:


roposes a novel heat pump system to efficiently utilize the exhaust air. The system has two heat sources: exhaust air and ambient
air. It consists of a condenser, two parallel evaporators and compressors, and two throttle valves. The exhausted indoor air is first
used to heat the refrigerant in the medium-pressure evaporator. The exhaust air at a reduced temperature is then mixed with the
ambient air to heat the low-pressure evaporator. The advantages of the mixed air source heat pump (MASHP) with two-stage
evaporation over a conventional exhaust air heat pump (EAHP) include a larger heating capacity, higher waste heat recovery and
lower carbon emission. Besides, the exhaust air can be employed for defrosting without additional power consumption.
Thermodynamic performance of the system is investigated. Comparison is made with a conventional EAHP and a directly mixed air
source heat pump with single-stage evaporation. The results indicate that under the conditions of exhaust air temperature of 20 oC,
mass flow rate of 1.0 kg/s and ambient temperature of 0 oC, the profits for the proposed MASHP, conventional EAHP and MASHP
with single-stage evaporation are about 11.5, 5.1 and 3.7 pound/day, respectively.

Repository Staff Only: item control page