Pharmacotherapeutic agents for the management of COVID-19 patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease

Khan, Maryam, Singh, Guntaj Kaur orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8367-6951, Abrar, Sakina, Ganeshan, Roshan, Morgan, Kara and Harky, Amer (2021) Pharmacotherapeutic agents for the management of COVID-19 patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 22 (18). pp. 2455-2474. ISSN 1465-6566

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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is the largest public health challenge of the twenty-first century. While COVID-19 primarily affects the respiratory system, manifesting as interstitial pneumonitis and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), it also has implications for the cardiovascular system. Moreover, those admitted to hospital with severe COVID-19 are more likely to have cardiovascular comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The underlying pathophysiology of why COVID-19 onset can further decline cardiac pathologies as well as trigger acute onset of new cardiac complications is not yet well understood.

Areas covered
In this review, the authors extensively review literature focused on the current understanding and approaches of managing patients who have underlying cardiovascular diseases and concomitant COVID-19 infection. Furthermore, the authors explore the possible cardiovascular implications of the suggested COVID-19 therapeutic agents that are used to treat this lethal disease.

Expert opinion
Current evidence is evolving around the many trialed pharmacotherapeutic considerations for the management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with cardiovascular disease. While we await such data, clinicians should advocate for careful consideration of all concomitant medications for those presenting with COVID-19 on a patient-by-patient basis.

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