The Great Lockdown in the Wake of COVID-19 and Its Implications: Lessons for Low and Middle-Income Countries

Panneer, Sigamani, Kantamaneni, Komali orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-3852-4374, Akkayasamy, Vigneshwaran Subbiah, Susairaj, A. Xavier, Panda, Prasant Kumar, Acharya, Sanghmitra Sheel, Rice, Louis, Liyanage, Champika Lasanthi orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-6687-3611 and Pushparaj, Robert Ramesh Babu (2022) The Great Lockdown in the Wake of COVID-19 and Its Implications: Lessons for Low and Middle-Income Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (1). e610.

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Concern for public health has been growing with the increasing volume of cases of COVID-19 in India. To combat this pandemic, India has implemented nationwide lockdowns, and unlocking phases continue with certain restrictions in different parts of the country. The lockdown has required people to adopt social-distance measures to minimize contacts in order to reduce the risks of additional infection. Nevertheless, the lockdown has already impacted economic activities and other dimensions of the health of individuals and society. Although many countries have helped their people through advanced welfare protection networks and numerous support aids, several emerging economies face specific difficulties to adapt to the pandemic due to vulnerable communities and scarce resources. However, certain lower-income countries need more rigorous analysis to implement more effective strategies to combat COVID-19. Accordingly, the current systematic review addresses the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns in India in relation to health and the economy. This work also provides further information on health inequalities, eco-nomic and social disparities in the country due to the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns and also contributes pragmatic suggestions for overcoming these challenges. These observations will be useful to the relevant local and national officials for improving and adopting novel strategies to face lockdown challenges

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