Costs of hospital care for stroke in India: a scoping review

Benedetto, Valerio orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-4683-0777, Cadilhac, Dominique A., Spencer, Joseph orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-3723-7629, Clegg, Andrew orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8938-7819, Lightbody, Catherine Elizabeth orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-5016-3471, Maulik, Pallab K., Srivastava, Madakasira Vasantha Padma, Pandian, Jeyaraj, Sylaja, P. N. et al (2022) Costs of hospital care for stroke in India: a scoping review. The Indian Economic Journal . ISSN 0019-4662

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The incidence of stroke in India is one of the largest worldwide. With this scoping review we assessed the evidence on the costs of stroke, which is essential to evaluate whether stroke care interventions are cost-effective.
We adopted a healthcare sector and broader societal perspective and searched electronic databases for records including stroke cost estimates (up to 2020). Following deduplication and screening of 2510 records, we extracted the data (converted into 2020 Indian Rupees, INR) and assessed the quality of eight eligible studies.
These studies, published between 2011 and 2020, covered the whole of India and specific localities, and were: cost-of-illness studies (n=3); economic evaluations (n=2); cross-sectional costing study (n=1); simulated costing study (n=1); policy/clinical
review (n=1).
Among the extracted estimates, the mean total costs of stroke care per patient for the period up to six months post-admission ranged from INR 19,428.86 in a government hospital in Punjab to INR 118,040.15 in a private tertiary care centre in Ludhiana. The median total out-of-pocket payments for cardiovascular disease-related expenditures ranged from INR 18,148.88 to INR 68,464.39 across different income groups. Despite methodological limitations, the data from our scoping review will help in
designing economic evaluations of stroke care interventions in India.

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