The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: A Conclusion

Stahl, Bernd Carsten, Schroeder, Doris orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-3633-2758 and Rodrigues, Rowena (2023) The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: A Conclusion. In: Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. Springer, pp. 107-111. ISBN 978-3-031-17039-3

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The concluding chapter highlights broader lessons that can be learned from the artificial intelligence (AI) cases discussed in the book. It underlines the fact that, in many cases, it is not so much the technology itself that is the root cause of ethical concerns but the way it is applied in practice and its reliability. In addition, many of the cases do not differ radically from ethics cases related to other novel technologies, even though the use of AI can exacerbate existing concerns. Ethical issues can rarely be resolved to everybody’s full satisfaction, not least because they often involve the balancing of competing goods. What is essential is space for human reflection and decision-making within the use of AI. Questions about what we can and should do, why we should act in particular ways and how we evaluate the ethical quality of our actions and their outcomes are part of what it means to be human. Even though Immanuel Kant believed that a good will is the only thing in the world that is ethical per se, a good will alone does not suffice where complex consequences may not be obvious. The complex nature of AI systems and their interaction with their human, social and natural environment require constant vigilance and human input.

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