Spinning up a Daze: TESS Uncovers a Hot Jupiter orbiting the Rapid-Rotator TOI-778

Clark, Jake T., Addison, Brett C., Okumura, Jack, Vach, Sydney, Heitzmann, Alexis, Rodriguez, Joseph E., Wright, Duncan J., Clerte, Mathieu, Brown, Carolyn J. et al (2023) Spinning up a Daze: TESS Uncovers a Hot Jupiter orbiting the Rapid-Rotator TOI-778. Astronomical Journal (AJ), 165 (5). ISSN 0004-6256

[thumbnail of VOR]
PDF (VOR) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/acc3a0


NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission, has been uncovering a growing number of exoplanets orbiting nearby, bright stars. Most exoplanets that have been discovered by TESS orbit narrow-line, slow-rotating stars, facilitating the confirmation and mass determination of these worlds. We present the discovery of a hot Jupiter orbiting a rapidly rotating (vsin(i)=35.1±1.0km/s) early F3V-dwarf, HD115447 (TOI-778). The transit signal taken from Sectors 10 and 37 of TESS's initial detection of the exoplanet is combined with follow-up ground-based photometry and velocity measurements taken from Minerva-Australis, TRES, CORALIE and CHIRON to confirm and characterise TOI-778b. A joint analysis of the light curves and the radial velocity measurements yield a mass, radius, and orbital period for TOI-778b of 2.76+0.24−0.23Mjup, 1.370±0.043Rjup and ∼4.63 days, respectively. The planet orbits a bright (V=9.1mag) F3-dwarf with M=1.40±0.05Msun, R=1.70±0.05Rsun, and logg=4.05±0.17. We observed a spectroscopic transit of TOI-778b, which allowed us to derive a sky-projected spin-orbit angle of 18∘±11∘, consistent with an aligned planetary system. This discovery demonstrates the capability of smaller aperture telescopes such as Minerva-Australis to detect the radial velocity signals produced by planets orbiting broad-line, rapidly rotating stars.

Repository Staff Only: item control page