Polyp Segmentation with the FCB-SwinV2 Transformer

Fitzgerald, Kerr, Bernal, Jorge, Histace, Aymeric and Matuszewski, Bogdan orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7195-2509 (2024) Polyp Segmentation with the FCB-SwinV2 Transformer. IEEE Access .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2024.3376228


Polyp segmentation within colonoscopy video frames using deep learning models has the potential to automate the workflow of clinicians. This could help improve the early detection rate and characterization of polyps which could progress to colorectal cancer. Recent state-of-the-art deep learning polyp segmentation models have combined the outputs of Fully Convolutional Network architectures and Transformer Network architectures which work in parallel. In this paper we propose modifications to the current state-of-the-art polyp segmentation model FCBFormer. The transformer architecture of the FCBFormer is replaced with a SwinV2 Transformer-UNET and minor changes to the Fully Convolutional Network architecture are made to create the FCB-SwinV2 Transformer. The performance of the FCB-SwinV2 Transformer is evaluated on the popular colonoscopy segmentation bench-marking datasets Kvasir-SEG and CVC-ClinicDB. Generalizability tests are also conducted. The FCB-SwinV2 Transformer is able to consistently achieve higher mDice scores across all tests conducted and therefore represents new state-of-the-art performance. Issues found with how colonoscopy segmentation model performance is evaluated within literature are also re-ported and discussed. One of the most important issues identified is that when evaluating performance on the CVC-ClinicDB dataset it would be preferable to ensure no data leakage from video sequences occurs during the training/validation/test data partition.

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