Automated detection and analysis of coronal active region structures across Solar Cycle 24

Gass, Daniel Gordon and Walsh, Robert William orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1025-9863 (2023) Automated detection and analysis of coronal active region structures across Solar Cycle 24. (Submitted)

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Observations from the NASA Solar Dynamic Observatory Atmospheric Imaging Assembly were employed to investigate targeted physical properties of coronal active region structures across the entirety of Solar Cycle 24 (dates). This is the largest consistent study to date which analyses emergent trends in structural width, location, and occurrence rate by performing an automatic and long-term examination of observable coronal limb features within equatorial active region belts across four extreme ultraviolet wavelengths (171, 193, 211, and 304 angstroms). This has resulted in over thirty thousand observed coronal structures and hence allows for the production of spatial and temporal distributions focused upon the rise, peak and decay activity phases of Solar Cycle 24. Employing a self-organized-criticality approach as a descriptor of coronal structure formation, power law slopes of structural widths versus frequency are determined, ranging from -1.6 to -3.3 with variations of up to 0.7 found between differing periods of the solar cycle, compared to a predicted Fractal Diffusive Self Organized Criticality (FD-SOC) value of -1.5. The North-South hemispheric asymmetry of these structures was also examined with the northern hemisphere exhibiting activity that is peaking earlier and decaying slower than the southern hemisphere, with a characteristic "butterfly" pattern of coronal structures detected. This represents the first survey of coronal structures performed across an entire solar cycle, demonstrating new techniques available to examine the composition of the corona by latitude in varying wavelengths at selected altitudes.

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