High rate of radiolucent lines following the cemented original design of the ATTUNE total knee arthroplasty

Prodromidis, Apostolos D., Chloros, George D., Thivaios, Georgios C., Sutton, Paul M., Pandit, Hemant, Giannoudis, Peter V. and Charalambous, Charalambos P. (2023) High rate of radiolucent lines following the cemented original design of the ATTUNE total knee arthroplasty. The Bone & Joint Journal, 105-B (6). pp. 610-621. ISSN 2049-4394

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.105b6.bjj-2022-0...


Loosening of components after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be associated with the development of radiolucent lines (RLLs). The aim of this study was to assess the rate of formation of RLLs in the cemented original design of the ATTUNE TKA and their relationship to loosening.
Methods A systematic search was undertaken using the Cochrane methodology in three online databases: MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL. Studies were screened against predetermined criteria, and data were extracted. Available National Joint Registries in the Network of Orthopaedic Registries of Europe were also screened. A random effects model meta-analysis was undertaken .
Results Of 263 studies, 12 were included with a total of 3,861 TKAs. Meta-analysis of ten studies showed high rates of overall tibial or femoral RLLs for the cemented original design of the ATTUNE TKA. The overall rate was 21.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 12.7% to 33.7%) for all types of design but was higher for certain subgroups: 27.4% (95% CI 13.4% to 47.9%) for the cruciate-retaining type, and 29.9% (95% CI 15.6% to 49.6%) for the fixed-bearing type. Meta-analysis of five studies comparing the ATTUNE TKA with other implants showed a significantly higher risk of overall tibial or femoral RLLs (odds ratio (OR) 2.841 (95% CI 1.219 to 6.623); p = 0.016) for the ATTUNE. The rates of loosening or revision for loosening were lower, at 1.2% and 0.9% respectively, but the rates varied from 0% to 16.3%. The registry data did not report specifically on the original ATTUNE TKA or on revision due to loosening, but ‘all-cause’ five-year revision rates for the cemented ATTUNE varied from 2.6% to 5.9%.
Conclusion The original cemented ATTUNE TKA has high rates of RLLs, but their clinical significance is uncertain given the overall low associated rates of loosening and revision. However, in view of the high rates of RLLs and the variation in the rates of loosening and revision between studies and registries, close surveillance of patients who have undergone TKA with the original ATTUNE system is recommended.

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