Progressing the Development of a Collaborative Metareasoning Framework: Prospects and Challenges

Richardson, Beth Helen orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-8738-9925 and Ball, Linden orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-5099-0124 (2024) Progressing the Development of a Collaborative Metareasoning Framework: Prospects and Challenges. Journal of Intelligence, 12 (3).

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The metareasoning framework, proposed by Ackerman and Thompson (2017, 2018), refers to processes that monitor and control ongoing thinking and reasoning. This framework has been useful in explaining how monitoring processes during reasoning are sensitive to an individual’s fluctuating feelings of certainty and uncertainty. The framework was developed to capture metareasoning at an individual level. It does not capture metareasoning during collaborative activities. We argue this is significant, given the many domains in which team-based reasoning is critical, including design, innovation, process control, defence and security. Currently, there is no conceptual framework that addresses the nature of collaborative metareasoning in these kinds of domains. We advance a framework of collaborative metareasoning that develops an understanding of how teams respond to the demands and opportunities of the task at hand, as well as to the demands and opportunities afforded by interlocuters who have different perspectives, knowledge, skills and experiences. We point to the importance of a tripartite distinction between “self monitoring”, “other monitoring” and “joint monitoring”. We also highlight a parallel distinction between “self-focused control”, “other-focused control” and “joint control”. In elaborating upon these distinctions, we discuss the prospects for developing a comprehensive collaborative metareasoning framework with a unique focus on language as a measure of both uncertainty and misalignment.

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