Visualisation Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Medical Simulation Learning: Current Evidence and Future Directions

Dawidziuk, Aleksander, Miller, George and Malawana, Johann (2023) Visualisation Approaches in Technology-Enhanced Medical Simulation Learning: Current Evidence and Future Directions. In: Biomedical Visualisation. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 16 (1421). Springer, pp. 175-190. ISBN 978-3-031-30378-4

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:


Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) has been proposed as an approach to minimise the healthcare workforce shortage preventing universal healthcare coverage. Simulation-based medical education is a well-established teaching method. Little is known about effective strategies to translate in-person medical simulation teaching into a virtual world. This work aimed to review the literature on approaches to visualisation in technology-enhanced medical simulation. A systematic search strategy was optimised using three databases: Embase, MEDLINE, and APA PsycInfo. Additional papers were identified through cross-referencing. The last date of this search was 3 January 2022. The articles were analysed qualitatively. The risk of bias was assessed using ROBINS-I and RoB 2 tools. The search yielded 656 results with 9 additional papers identified through cross-referencing. Following deduplication and exclusions, 23 articles were included in a qualitative synthesis of evidence. Offline and online computer-based modules with virtual patient cases or practical skills simulations were identified as the most prevalent clinical simulation teaching modalities. Visualisation approaches included text, images, animations, videos, and 3D environments. Significant heterogeneity of study designs with a moderate risk of bias was established. Based on the current data, the virtual patient scenarios should use natural language input interfaces enriched with video and voice recordings, 3D animations, and short text descriptions to make the patient management experience more lifelike and increase knowledge retention. However, there is no agreed framework for assessing the pedagogical value of these innovations. High-quality randomised controlled trials of TEL-based clinical simulation are essential to advance the field.

Repository Staff Only: item control page