Development of an in vivo ankle and hindfoot kinematic protocol to investigate activities of daily living (Abstract only)

Williams, D., Chapman, Graham orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-3983-6641, Esquivel, L. and Brockett, C. (2023) Development of an in vivo ankle and hindfoot kinematic protocol to investigate activities of daily living (Abstract only). Orthopaedic Proceedings, 105-B (SUPP_8). p. 98. ISSN 2049-4416

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To be able to assess the biomechanical and functional effects of ankle injury and disease it is necessary to characterise healthy ankle kinematics. Due to the anatomical complexity of the ankle, it is difficult to accurately measure the Tibiotalar and Subtalar joint angles using traditional marker-based motion capture techniques. Biplane Video X-ray (BVX) is an imaging technique that allows direct measurement of individual bones using high-speed, dynamic X-rays.The objective is to develop an in-vivo protocol for the hindfoot looking at the tibiotalar and subtalar joint during different activities of living.A bespoke raised walkway was manufactured to position the foot and ankle inside the field of view of the BVX system. Three healthy volunteers performed three gait and step-down trials while capturing Biplane Video X-Ray (125Hz, 1.25ms, 80kVp and 160 mA) and underwent MR imaging (Magnetom 3T Prisma, Siemens) which were manually segmented into 3D bone models (Simpleware Scan IP, Synopsis). Bone position and orientation for the Talus, Calcaneus and Tibia were calculated by manual matching of 3D Bone models to X-Rays (DSX Suite, C-Motion, Inc.). Kinematics were calculated using MATLAB (MathWorks, Inc. USA).Pilot results showed that for the subtalar joint there was greater range of motion (ROM) for Inversion and Dorsiflexion angles during stance phase of gait and reduced ROM for Internal Rotation compared with step down. For the tibiotalar joint, Gait had greater inversion and internal rotation ROM and reduced dorsiflexion ROM when compared with step down.The developed protocol successfully calculated the in-vivo kinematics of the tibiotalar and subtalar joints for different dynamic activities of daily living. These pilot results show the different kinematic profiles between two different activities of daily living. Future work will investigate translation kinematics of the two joints to fully characterise healthy kinematics.

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