Graphene-Based Aerogels for Biomedical Application

Kim, Yeongsang, Patel, Rajkumar, Kulkarni, Chandrashekhar Vishwanath orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-5621-4791 and Patel, Madhumita (2023) Graphene-Based Aerogels for Biomedical Application. Gels, 9 (12).

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Aerogels are three-dimensional solid networks with incredibly low densities, high porosity, and large specific surface areas. These aerogels have both nanoscale and macroscopic interior structures. Combined with graphene, the aerogels show improved mechanical strength, electrical conductivity, surface area, and adsorption capacity, making them ideal for various biomedical applications. The graphene aerogel has a high drug-loading capacity due to its large surface area, and the porous structure enables controlled drug release over time. The presence of graphene makes it a suitable material for wound dressings, blood coagulation, and bilirubin adsorption. Additionally, graphene’s conductivity can help in the electrical stimulation of cells for improved tissue regeneration, and it is also appropriate for biosensors. In this review, we discuss the preparation and advantages of graphene-based aerogels in wound dressings, drug delivery systems, bone regeneration, and biosensors.

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