ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN 2023 protocol for paediatric FAPD treatment guidelines (standard operating procedure)

Gordon, Morris orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1216-5158, Benninga, Marc A, Borlack, Rachel, Borrelli, Osvaldo, Chogle, Ashish, Darbari, Anil, Dolinsek, Jernej, Groen, Jip, Khlevner, Julie et al (2023) ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN 2023 protocol for paediatric FAPD treatment guidelines (standard operating procedure). BMJ Paediatrics Open, 7 (1).

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Introduction To date, no international guidelines have been published for the treatment of paediatric functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs), subcategorised into functional abdominal pain–not otherwise specified (FAP-NOS), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional dyspepsia and abdominal migraine (AM). We aim for a treatment guideline, focusing on FAP-NOS, IBS and AM, that appreciates the extensive array of available therapies in this field. We present the prospective operating procedure and technical summary protocol in this manuscript.

Methods Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be followed in the development of the guideline, following the approach as laid out in the GRADE handbook, supported by the WHO. The Guideline Development Group (GDG) is formed by paediatric gastroenterologists from both the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, as well as the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Also, one clinical psychologist with expertise in FAPDs is a voting member in the GDG. A final consensus list of treatment options is translated into ‘patient, intervention, comparison, outcome’ format options. Prospective agreement on the magnitude of health benefits or harms categories was reached through a Delphi process among the GDG to support grading of the literature.

There will be a detailed technical evidence review with randomised controlled trial data that will be judged for risk of bias with the Cochrane tool. Recommendations are preferably based on GRADE but could also be best practice statements following the available evidence. A full Delphi process will be used to make recommendations using online response systems. This set of procedures has been approved by all members of the GDG.

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