TIC 184743498: The first tri-axial stellar pulsator

Zhang, Valencia, Rappaport, Saul, Jayaraman, Rahul, Kurtz, Donald Wayne orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1015-3268, Handler, Gerald, Fuller, James and Borkovits, Tamas (2024) TIC 184743498: The first tri-axial stellar pulsator. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 528 (2). pp. 3378-3391. ISSN 0035-8711

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stae010


We have discovered a δ Scuti pulsator in a tight binary (P = 1.053 d) with nine pulsation modes whose frequencies are between 38 and 56 d−1. Each of these modes exhibits amplitude modulations and π-rad phase shifts twice per orbital cycle. Five of these modes exhibit amplitude and phase shifts that are readily explained by dipole pulsations along an axis that is aligned with the binary’s tidal axis. The novelty of the system lies in the remaining four pulsation modes, which we show are dipole pulsations along an axis that is perpendicular to both the tidal axis and the binary’s orbital angular momentum axis. There are additionally two pulsation modes whose amplitudes and phases do not change significantly with orbital phase; they are explained as dipole modes along an axis aligned with the orbital/rotation axis. Hence, we propose that TIC 184743498 is a tri-axial pulsator, the first of its kind.

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