Radar-based millimeter-Wave sensing for accurate 3D Indoor Positioning - Potentials and Challenges

Sesyuk, Andrey orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1908-7850, Ioannou, Stelios orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-8162-8953 and Raspopoulos, Marios orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-1513-6018 (2024) Radar-based millimeter-Wave sensing for accurate 3D Indoor Positioning - Potentials and Challenges. IEEE Journal of Indoor and Seamless Positioning and Navigation . pp. 1-15.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JISPIN.2024.3359151

Abstract

The 3D nature of modern smart applications has imposed significant 3D positioning accuracy requirements, especially in indoor environments. However, a major limitation of most existing indoor localization systems is their focus on estimating positions mainly in the horizontal plane, overlooking the crucial vertical dimension. This neglect presents considerable challenges in accurately determining the 3D position of devices such as drones and individuals across multiple floors of a building let alone the cm-level accuracy that might be required in many of these applications. To tackle this issue, millimeter-wave (mmWave) positioning systems have emerged as a promising technology offering high accuracy and robustness even in complex indoor environments. This paper aims to leverage the potential of mmWave radar technology to achieve precise ranging and angling measurements presenting a comprehensive methodology for evaluating the performance of mmWave sensors in terms of measurement precision while demonstrating the 3D positioning accuracy that can be achieved. The main challenges and the respective solutions associated with the use of mmWave sensors for indoor positioning are highlighted, providing valuable insights into their potentials and suitability for practical applications.


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