Observations of spiral and streamer on a candidate proto-brown dwarf

Riaz, B., Stamatellos, Dimitris orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-4502-8344 and Machida, M. (2024) Observations of spiral and streamer on a candidate proto-brown dwarf. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 529 (4). pp. 3601-3609. ISSN 0035-8711

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stae724


Spirals and streamers are the hallmarks of mass accretion during the early stages of star formation. We present the first observations of a large-scale spiral and a streamer towards a very young brown dwarf candidate in its early formation stages. These observations show, for the first time, the influence of external environment that results in asymmetric mass accretion via feeding filaments onto a candidate proto-brown dwarf in the making. The impact of the streamer has produced emission in warm carbon-chain species close to the candidate proto-brown dwarf. Two contrasting scenarios, a pseudo-disk twisted by core rotation and the collision of dense cores, can both explain these structures. The former argues for the presence of a strong magnetic field in brown dwarf formation while the latter suggests that a minimal magnetic field allows large-scale spirals and clumps to form far from the candidate proto-brown dwarf.

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