O105: Evaluating Surgical Approaches in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Lobectomy vs Sublobar Resection

Faruqi, Duaa, Faruqi, Azn Ali, Omran, Kareem, Salmasi, Yousuf and Asadi, Nizar (2024) O105: Evaluating Surgical Approaches in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Lobectomy vs Sublobar Resection. British Journal of Surgery, 111 (Sup2). ISSN 0007-1323

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjs/znae046.087


Lung Cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for 85% of cases. Lobectomy has long been regarded as the gold-standard treatment for early-stage NSCLC. A shifting paradigm towards lung-sparing procedures such as sublobar resection, may benefit patients with limited respiratory reserve or high comorbidity index. This study aims to compare survival outcomes between patients undergoing lobectomy and sublobar resection.

This was a tertiary retrospective cohort study comparing disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and postoperative outcomes in lobectomy and sublobar patients between 2013 and 2023 (n=3983). Propensity matched analysis was employed to adjust for treatment selection bias, calculated using a logistic regression model and incorporated eight covariates (n=528). Baseline, post-operative, and survival data were extracted from the hospital database. Comparison of baseline and post-operative characteristics involved Wilcoxon rank sum test, Fisher’s exact test and Pearson’s Chi-squared test. Kaplan Meier estimates and Multivariate Cox Regression were used to evaluate survival. p<0.05 was considered significant.

No significant inter-cohort differences were observed in either DFS (log-rank p=0.32), OS (log-rank p=0.47), or 90-day mortality (log-rank p=0.78). Sublobar resection exhibited shorter post-operative length of stay (p<0.05). Conversely, both approaches demonstrated comparable resection margins and complication rates. Significant predictors of survival were age, gender and low Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (p<0.05).

These findings further support the non-inferiority of sublobar resection to lobectomy for stage 1 lung cancer. Additionally, improved perioperative outcomes may make sublobar resection more desirable for higher risk patients.

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