From Flesh to Bones: Multi-Omics Approaches in Forensic Science

Procopio, Noemi orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-7461-7586 and Bonicelli, Andrea orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-9518-584X (2024) From Flesh to Bones: Multi-Omics Approaches in Forensic Science. Proteomics . ISSN 1615-9853

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Recent advancements in omics techniques have revolutionised the study of biological systems, enabling the generation of high-throughput biomolecular data. These innovations have found diverse applications, ranging from personalised medicine to forensic sciences. While the investigation of multiple aspects of cells, tissues or entire organisms through the integration of various omics approaches (such as genomics, epigenomics, metagenomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics) has already been established in fields like biomedicine and cancer biology, its full potential in forensic sciences remains only partially explored. In this review, we have presented a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art analytical platforms employed in omics research, with specific emphasis on their application in the forensic field for the identification of the cadaver and the cause of death. Moreover, we have conducted a critical analysis of the computational integration of omics approaches, and highlighted the latest advancements in employing multi-omics techniques for forensic investigations.

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