Rainfall erosivity assessment over a flooding basin, Kelani River basin, Sri Lanka

Niyas, Zumry, Madhushani, Charuni I., Gunathilake, Miyuru B., Basnayaka, Vindhya, Kantamaneni, Komali orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-3852-4374 and Rathnayake, Upaka (2024) Rainfall erosivity assessment over a flooding basin, Kelani River basin, Sri Lanka. Journal of Hydroinformatics . ISSN 1464-7141

[thumbnail of VOR (Corrected Proof)]
Preview
PDF (VOR (Corrected Proof)) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

1MB

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.2166/hydro.2024.202

Abstract

This study evaluates the rainfall erosivity (RE) and erosivity density (ED) over the Kelani River basin, Sri Lanka for a period of 31 years (1990–2020). The river basin is well known for its annual floods during the southwestern monsoon season and severe erosion including landslides can be observed. The catchment was analyzed for its RE using the Wischmeier and Smith algorithm and for its ED using Kinnel's algorithm. The monthly rainfall data spreading over the river basin were used to analyze the monthly, seasonal, and annual RE and ED. Interestingly, the annual RE showed a linear increasing trend line over 31 years, and a maximum value of 2,831.41 MJ mm ha−1 h−1 yr−1 was able to be observed in the year 2016. The RE peaks in May which is in the southwestern monsoon season. This reveals that the risk of soil erosion in the basin is high in the southwestern monsoon season. In addition, land use and land cover changes over the years have adversely impacted the erosion rates. Therefore, it is highly recommended to investigate soil erosion in-depth and then implement relevant regulations to conserve the soil layers upstream of the river basin.


Repository Staff Only: item control page