Cu-MOF loaded chitosan based freeze-dried highly porous dressings with anti-biofilm and pro-angiogenic activities accelerated Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected wounds healing in rats

Zulfiqar, Saima, Sharif, Shahzad, Nawaz, Muhammad Shahbaz, Shahzad, Sohail Anjum, Bashir, Muhammad Mustehsan, Iqbal, Tariq, U Rehman, Ihtesham orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-2502-7608 and Yar, Muhammad (2024) Cu-MOF loaded chitosan based freeze-dried highly porous dressings with anti-biofilm and pro-angiogenic activities accelerated Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected wounds healing in rats. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 271 (Pt 2). ISSN 0141-8130

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.132443

Abstract

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-based therapy opens a new area for antibiotic-drug free infections treatment. In the present study, chitosan membranes (CS) loaded with two concentrations of copper-MOF 10 mg/20 ml (Cu-MOF10/CS) & 20 mg/20 ml (Cu-MOF20/CS) were prepared by a simple lyophilization procedure. FTIR spectra of Cu-MOF10/CS and Cu-MOF20/CS dressings confirmed absence of any undesirable chemical changes after loading Cu-MOF. The SEM images of the synthesized materials (CS, Cu-MOF10/CS & Cu-MOF20/CS) showed interconnected porous structures. Cytocompatibility of the materials was confirmed by fibroblasts cells culturing and the materials were hemocompatible, with blood clotting index <5 %. Cu-MOF20/CS showed comparatively higher effective antibacterial activity against the tested strains; E. coli (149.2 %), P. aeruginosa (165 %) S. aureus (117.8 %) and MRSA (142 %) as compared to Amikacin, CS and Cu-MOF10/CS membranes. Similarly, Cu-MOF20/CS dressing significantly eradicated the biofilms; P. aeruginosa (37 %) and MRSA (52 %) respectively. In full thickness infected wound rat model, on day 23, Cu-MOF10/CS and Cu-MOF20/CS promoted wound healing up to 87.7 % and 82 % respectively. H&E staining of wounded tissues treated with Cu-MOF10/CS & Cu-MOF20/CS demonstrated enhanced neovascularization and re-epithelization along-with reduced inflammation, while trichrome staining exhibited increased collagen deposition. Overall, this study declares Cu-MOFs loaded chitosan dressings a multifunctional platform for the healing of infected wounds. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2024 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.]


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