Integrating Augmented Reality in Spine Surgery: Redefining Precision with New Technologies

De Jesus Encarnacion Ramirez, Manuel, Chmutin, Gennady, Nurmukhametov, Renat, Soto, Gervith Reyes, Kannan, Siddarth, Piavchenko, Gennadi, Nikolenko, Vladmir, Efe, Ibrahim E., Romero, Alberto Ramírez et al (2024) Integrating Augmented Reality in Spine Surgery: Redefining Precision with New Technologies. Brain Sciences, 14 (7).

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Introduction: The integration of augmented reality (AR) in spine surgery marks a significant advancement, enhancing surgical precision and patient outcomes. AR provides immersive, three-dimensional visualizations of anatomical structures, facilitating meticulous planning and execution of spine surgeries. This technology not only improves spatial understanding and real-time navigation during procedures but also aims to reduce surgical invasiveness and operative times. Despite its potential, challenges such as model accuracy, user interface design, and the learning curve for new technology must be addressed. AR’s application extends beyond the operating room, offering valuable tools for medical education and improving patient communication and satisfaction. Material and methods: A literature review was conducted by searching PubMed and Scopus databases using keywords related to augmented reality in spine surgery, covering publications from January 2020 to January 2024. Results: In total, 319 articles were identified through the initial search of the databases. After screening titles and abstracts, 11 articles in total were included in the qualitative synthesis. Conclusion: Augmented reality (AR) is becoming a transformative force in spine surgery, enhancing precision, education, and outcomes despite hurdles like technical limitations and integration challenges. AR’s immersive visualizations and educational innovations, coupled with its potential synergy with AI and machine learning, indicate a bright future for surgical care. Despite the existing obstacles, AR’s impact on improving surgical accuracy and safety marks a significant leap forward in patient treatment and care.

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