The Development of an Integrated Waste Management Approach for Irradiated Graphite

Banford, Anthony, Eccles, Harry orcid iconORCID: 0000-0002-1652-3370, Jarvis, Richard and Ross, David N. (2010) The Development of an Integrated Waste Management Approach for Irradiated Graphite. In: 36th Annual Radioactive Waste Management Symposium 2010 (WM 2010). Curran Associates Inc., Red Hook, NY, USA, pp. 3975-3987. ISBN 978-1-61738-797-5

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Globally, irradiated graphite is a significant radioactive waste stream with over 230,000 t requiring treatment, management and/or disposal. This waste has arisen from a wide range of reactors, predominantly from the use of graphite moderated reactors for base-load generation, but also from experimental research facilities. The UK National Nuclear Laboratory (UK NNL) is a participant in a European collaborative research project (CARBOWASTE) which brings together organisations from a range of countries with an irradiated graphite legacy to address this waste management challenge.

This paper describes the progress made within the CARBOWASTE project on the development of a harmonised approach to the management of graphite. In particular, the paper focuses on the synthesis of strategic options for graphite waste management and presents assessment criteria which can be used to evaluate the strategies and to select the appropriate option for each graphite waste stream.

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