Transformability in Post-Earthquake Houses in Iran: with Special Focus on Lar City

Parva, Mohammad, Dola, Kamariah and Pour-Rahimian, Farzad orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7443-4723 (2014) Transformability in Post-Earthquake Houses in Iran: with Special Focus on Lar City. International Journal of Social, Human Science and Engineering, 8 (1). pp. 259-276.

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Earthquake is considered as one of the most catastrophic disasters in Iran, in terms of both short-term and longterm
hazards. Due to the particular financial and time constraints in Iran, quickly constructed post-earthquake houses (PEHs) do not fulfill the minimum requirements to be considered as comfortable dwellings for people. Consequently, people often transform PEHs after they start to reside. However, lack of understanding about process, motivation, and results of housing transformation leads to
construction of some houses not suitable for future transformations, hence resulting in eventually demolished or abandoned PEHs. This study investigated housing transformations in a natural bed of postearthquake Lar. This paper reports results of the conducted survey for comparing normal condition housing transformation with postearthquake
housing transformation in order to reveal the factors that
affect post-earthquake housing transformation in Iran. The findings proposed the use of a combination of ‘Temporary’ and ‘Permanent’ housing reconstruction models in Iran to provide victims with basic but permanent post-disaster dwellings. It is also suggested that needs for future transformation should be predicted and addressed during
early stages of design and development. This study contributes to both research and practice regarding post-earthquake housing reconstruction in Iran by proposing new design approaches and guidelines.

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