Gas Injection for Enhancement of Condensate Recovery in a Gas Condensate Reservoir

Nasiri Ghiri, M., Nasriani, Hamid Reza orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-9556-7218, Sinaei, M., Najibi, S.H., Nasriani, E. and Parchami, H. (2015) Gas Injection for Enhancement of Condensate Recovery in a Gas Condensate Reservoir. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 37 (8). pp. 799-806. ISSN 1556-7036

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Gas condensate reservoirs suffer losses in well productivity due to near wellbore condensate dropout when the flowing bottom-hole pressure declines below the dew point pressure. Pressure maintenance and gas cycling are the common practices used in the oil and gas field to alleviate this problem and develop gas condensate reservoirs. The injection of dry gas into a retrograde gas condensate reservoir helps in vaporizing the condensate and increases its dew point. This article investigates the situation of one of the reservoirs located in southern Iran in Zagros area. First, based on the reservoir composition, the phase diagram has been plotted. Peng-Robinson equation of state for the equilibrium calculations and Lee-Kesler characterization of heavy fractions are used in this software. After that the effect of nitrogen, pure methane, a composition of ethane and methane, and carbon dioxide injections on reservoir recovery has been investigated and compared to a natural depletion scheme. The full system, including two separators and a stock tank, are simulated simultaneously and the effect of each type of injection on the liquid and gas production is investigated. Full mixing has been assumed in all of the injections studied. By comparing between the results it is concluded that in an injection process, required injection rate to maintain reservoir pressure above dew point pressure and avoid liquid formation in the reservoir for pure methane, a composition of ethane and methane, pure nitrogen and carbon dioxide, and liquid recovery in all cases are investigated. According to the results, with increasing ethane mole percent in the injecting gas a lower injecting rate for the same liquid recovery is needed. Because with increasing heavy components mole percent in injecting gas, average molecular weight of injecting gas, and reservoir gas becomes closer and there will be a better mixing between them and, therefore, liquid recovery will be improved. Thus, a composition of ethane and methane with more ethane mole percent is better than others. © 2015 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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