How spiky can a spiky profile be?

Smith, Karen Fiona (2016) How spiky can a spiky profile be? In: IATEFL 2015, 11-14th April 2015, Manchester.

[thumbnail of Version of Record]
PDF (Version of Record) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


Official URL:


ESL professionals often assess language competence within the paradigm of the 4 skills. We use the term ‘spiky- profile’ when a learner performs erratically in one of these skill areas. Using test data from UCLan’s Language Testing Project and international cohort, the shapes of spiky profiles were investigated, focussing on the productive skills of speaking and writing.

Repository Staff Only: item control page