Energy loss and emissions of engine compression rings with cylinder deactivation

Turnbull, Robert, Dolatabadi, Nader, Rahmani, Ramin and Rahnejat, Homer orcid iconORCID: 0000-0003-2257-7102 (2021) Energy loss and emissions of engine compression rings with cylinder deactivation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 235 (7). pp. 1930-1943. ISSN 0954-4070

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A novel integrated multi-physics assessment of the piston top compression ring of an internal combustion engine under normal operation mode, as well as subjected to cylinder deactivation is carried out. The methodology comprises ring-liner thermo-mixed hydrodynamics, elastodynamics of ring, as well as combustion gas blow-by and emissions. Therefore, the analysis provides prediction of ring-liner contact’s energy losses and gas power leakage across the piston and ring crevices, as well as the resulting emissions. Cylinder deactivation (CDA) technology reduces the unburnt fuel entering the ring-pack crevices, as well as the emissions. It is also shown that the frictional and gas leakage power losses are exacerbated under CDA by as much as 20%. Although this is much lower than the potential gains in fuel usage when using CDA. The optimisation of the piston compression ring would provide further fuel efficiency and improved emissions, an issue which has not hitherto received the attention which it deserves. The in-depth analysis has also shown that CDA reduces the predicted CO, NOx and HC emissions by nearly as much as 8.5%, 10% and 8.7%, respectively.

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