Early morning run-training results in enhanced endurance performance adaptations in mice

Hesketh, Stuart orcid iconORCID: 0000-0001-7855-2380, Sexton, Casey, Wolff, Chris, Viggars, Mark and Esser, Karyn (2023) Early morning run-training results in enhanced endurance performance adaptations in mice. The Journal of Physiology . ISSN 0022-3751 (Submitted)

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Official URL: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2023.09.18...


Time-of-day differences in acute exercise performance in mice are well established with late active phase (afternoon) runners exhibiting significantly greater endurance performance compared to early active phase (morning) runners. In this study, we asked if performance adaptations would be different when training for 6 weeks at two different times of day, and if this corresponds to steady state changes in the phase of peripheral tissue clocks. To address these questions, we endurance trained female PER2::Luciferase mice, at the same relative workload, either in the morning, at ZT13, or in the afternoon, at ZT22. Then, after training, we recorded luminescence from tissues of PER2::Luciferase mice to report timing of tissue clocks in several peripheral tissues. After 6 weeks, we found that both groups exhibited significant improvements in maximal endurance capacity (total treadmill work)(p < 0.0001), but the morning runners exhibited an enhanced rate of adaptation as there was no detectable difference in maximal endurance capacity (p = 0.2182) between the morning and afternoon runners. In addition, morning and afternoon runners exhibited divergent clock phase shifts with a significant 5-hour phase advance in the EDL (p < 0.0001) and soleus (p < 0.0001) of morning runners, but a phase delay in the EDL (p < 0.0001) and Soleus (p < 0.0001) of afternoon runners. Therefore, our data demonstrate that morning training enhances endurance adaptations compared to afternoon training in mice, and we suggest this is due to phase advancement of muscle clocks to better align metabolism with exercise performance.

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